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The Importance of Arch Support

Arch support provided by experts, can help keep your feet healthy and functioning. Seek such expertise from the podiatrists at Hoosier Foot and Ankle with offices in Carmel, Indianapolis, Franklin, and Greenwood, Indiana, as well as at Indiana University Health Saxony Hospital in Fishers, Indiana. Our goal is to help you prevent or overcome injury and maximize your physical performance.

Read on to learn why your foot has an arch in its design and when you might need a little assistance from the right type of shoes or orthotics.

The reason your foot has an arch

Your arches support your body weight while you’re standing. They also play an important role in helping you propel forward when walking or running. They move with your other bones, tendons, and ligaments to create a spring-like action that moves you forward.

Your arch absorbs shock when your foot hits the ground. The connective tissue in the arch stores elastic energy, which is then released when your foot recoils from the ground. This springy effect moves you forward.

Arches aren’t all created equal

Your arch is individual to you. The height, width, and shape differs from person-to-person.

When you’re born, you have flat feet. The arch develops during childhood and continues to morph through adolescence.

A fully formed arch in an adult may be one of the following:


A normal arch adequately supports your body weight and rolls in slightly as you walk or run. Usually, no special arch support is necessary. A “neutral” shoe is usually appropriate.

Flat arch

If you make a footprint and it looks complete, with no “instep,” you likely have a flat arch. This arch makes your foot roll in excessively (overpronate) when you walk or run. A low arch can cause foot pain as well as muscle stress and joint problems that travel up into your ankles, knees, and hips. The doctors at Hoosier Foot and Ankle can offer stabilizing arch supports that are appropriate for you.

High arch

A high arch can also cause muscle pain and joint strain, not only in your feet, but all the way up your kinetic chain. When you walk or run, your feet may not absorb shock well, so your feet tire easily. The Hoosier Foot and Ankle Team may recommend arch supports with lots of cushioning.

The appropriate arch support helps with pain and dysfunction

Arch supports can help your feet:

Arch supports also help diabetic patients lower their risk of ulceration in the feet if they suffer from neuropathy

The doctors customize arch supports for your specific needs. You place them into your shoes to support your feet and eliminate pain. Although you can purchase arch supports over-the-counter, these aren’t designed specifically for you. Custom arch supports provided by Hoosier Foot and Ankle fit your foot to efficiently relieve pain and improve your function and performance.

At Hoosier Foot and Ankle, the podiatry team is dedicated to helping you maximize your foot health. Call today for your appointment, or schedule your meeting online.

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